Transylvania

Encyclopedia Vampirica


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Entries A-E
ABCDE


Entries F-J
FGHIJ


Entries K-O
KLMNO


Entries P-T
PQRST


Entries U-Z
UVWXYZ

Historical Timelines
Aix la ChapelleBerlin, GermanyChicagoConstantinopleFrankfurt, GermanyJerusalemTransylvaniaViennaWashington D.C.The Anarch Revolt

Appendix II: Biographies
The contributing Canon authors of EV
IontiusBindusaraArtistotle de'LaurentLucita y AragonAlbertus MagnusAisling Sturbridge

No idea who any of these vampires are? Look them up on Encyclopedia Vampirica.
For more information on any of the mortal "characters", wikipedia.org is a great resource.

271 A.D.:
Emperor Aurelian withdraws his troops from Dacia.

896:
Magyar tribes conquer the Carpathian Basin. The gyula's tribe occupies the area that will later on become T. Soon afterward the territory becomes part of a system of treaties to defend against threats from the east. The Pechenegs are the most immediate threat.

997-1038:
Istvan I rules as the King of Hungary. Transylvania is recognized as a part of Hungary. With the support of the Roman Catholic Church, he helps spread Western feudalism and imposes Christianity on the inhabitants of Hungary.

1141:
Geza II encourages Saxons to colonize Transylvania. The term "Saxon" is a generic term for German settlers, including people from Flanders, Luxembourg and the Moselle region. Their first colonies are in the Sibiu basin, Olt and Hirtablu valley. Later on, they will colonize Bistria.

1150:
Arpad Ventrue create the Council of Ashes and formally recognize seven domains with seven princes at the head of them. The Kingdom of Hungaary grants Saxon peasants hereditary titles in exchange for financial obligations. In many areas, the political leader of a village is given the title of count and receives a larger plot of land. The Szeklers, an ethnically mixed Turkic race, fight in the vanguard of the Hungarian armies entering Transylvania. Later, they become the nobility to the feudal system of eastern Hungary.

1197:
Nova Arpad is captured. Ruxandra of the Clan of the Hidden takes her place.

1198:
Nova Arpad is freed by an opportunistic coterie and reinstated in her office.

1211:
Teutonic Knights are brought by Andreas II to defend the southern borders of Hungary from the Cumans. They help expand the Christian feudal system and continue to spread into Transylvania.

1223:
Mongols invade Russia and begin their forays into eastern Europe.

1225:
Teutonic Knights are expelled from the Transylvanian region when they attempt to establisha state within a state.

1241:
Mongols invade Transylvania using the Tihuta Pass as their primary route. Hungary regains control of these territories within a year, but by this time King Belo IV loses control over much of the land.

1247-91:
Szeklers repopulate the area around Mediasch.

1284-85:
Mongols try to invade Transylvania again.

1288:
Transylvanian nobles form their own legislative body (or diet) in Cluj-Napoca. Note that before this time, most Transylvanian justice had been maintained by the "wise elders" of the villages. Many serfs and peasants continue to think their own laws are more valid than the rulings of the diet.

1291:
At a meeting in Alba Iulia, Andreas III allows Vlachs to attend. Hungarian nobles, Saxons and Szeklers are also present. Many peasants consider this promising.

1300:
Landowning boyars begin to rent their land to peasants. With King Charles Robert's approval, Toma Szecheny, ruler for 20 years, extends his jurisdiction to include all of Transylvania. Voivode Szecheny convenes and presides over a Transylvania assembly, ruling like a sovereign. This era established true dynasties of voivadates.

1301:
Andrew II, the last king of the Arpad line, dies.

1330:
Prince Bassarab defeats the Hungarians and establishes Wallachia. It becomes a land of refuge for the Vlachs.

1348-49:
Bodgan establishes a new state along the Moldava River. Within a decade, it becomes the sovereign state of Moldavia. The princes of the nation are meant to be elected by a council of boyars and clergy. Fierce struggles for such positions eventually make the area vulnerable to invasion.

1382:
Voivode Ladislaus of Transylvania joins a coalition against Hungary.

1385:
Tirgoviste becomes the capital of Wallachia.

1387:
Turks conquer Serbs at the Battle of Kossovo. This is a major turning point in the Ottoman Empire's invasion of the Balkans.

1391:
The Turks cross the Danube into Wallachia. Mircea the Old allies with the King of Hungary to repel the invasion.

1401-37:
The Csalks Dynasty holds power in Transylvania.

1417:
Mircea signs a peace treaty with the Turks allowing for Wallachian independence. Eastern orthodoxy is formally accepted as the state religion. The rulers must pay a tribute of money and goods each year to the Ottoman Sultan.

1418:
Mircea the Old, grandfather of Vlad Tepes, dies after a 32-year rule. He is historically noted for having added the duchies of Amlas and Faragas, building up fortifications along the Carpathian foothills, and calling for the construction of the fortress of Guigiu on the Danube border to repel the Turks.
Two noble lines struggle for control of Wallachia. The Danesti line - that is, the descendants of Dan II - has been the support of Sigismund I, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. The Draculesti line - that is, the descendants of Vlad II - is its fiercest rival. Vlad II has two legitimate sons, Radu and Vlad (who will later be known as Vlad the Impaler).

1420:
Ottoman Turks successfully attack Transylvania.

1431:
Vlad II is living in Nuremberg. The Hungarian king chooses him to take the throne of Wallachia. He is summarily "elected" by the Danesti boyars (with the covert help of the traditionalist Tzimisce) and invested as a Draconist in the Order of the Dragon.

1437:
Annal Nagy leads a major peasant revolt in the Balbona. These revolts lead to the formation of the Union of Three Nations. Magyars, Szeklers and Saxons then crush the rebellion with one swift stroke. The union declares that these three races are the only ones with recognizable privileges. After these rebellions, overlords demand serfs to work one day a week for their feudal lord without compensation. At harvest time, the serfs are forced into six days of uncompensated labor a week. Romanians are barred from holding public service, public office or living in Saxon or Magyar towns.

1440:
During the power struggles in Hungary, rebellions break out in Transylvania.

1441:
Janos Hunyadi assumes the title of Voivode of Transylvania. He then gos to defeat the Turks at Alba Iulia and Hermanstadt.

1442:
A Turkish assault against Transylvania is repelled. Two armies - one conscripted from the lower classes and one led by Vlad Dracul - defeat the Turks soundly near Ialomita.

1444:
An army of knights from various European countries is defeated at Varna. Vlad the Dragon blames Hunyadi, national hero of Hungary, for this failure.

1445:
Wallachians led by Hunyadi win major victories. Janos Hunyadi overcomes the opposition of the Hungarian nobility and is chosen as "governer of Hungary." He is considered the "true ruler of the Hungarian kingdom."

1447:
The alliance between the three Romanians countries - Transylvania, Wallachia and Moldavia - grows stronger.

1448:
Vlad Dracula, a member of the Basarab dynasty, occupies Tirgoviste and occupis the throne of Wallachia.

1455:
While Moldavia becomes part of the Ottoman Empire, Transylvania remains part of Hungary.

1467:
Vlad the Dragon considers Transylvania and Moldavia as a common country. He dies the same year. By the end of the century, Bathory states that he is king and Vivode of Transylvania. The Prince of Moldavia, Steven the Great, leads Szeklers against the Turks at Vaslui and wins. Saxons consider him "sent by God to rule and protect Transylvania." A treaty between Steven the Great and Matthias Corvinus reestablishes trade with Hungary.

1514:
An antifeudal uprising spreads like wildfire across the voivodate. The resulting oppression will hinder the Magyar's effort to raise peasant troops in 1526.

1526:
Hungary defeated by the Ottoman Empire. Transylvania gains independence and maintains it for 40 years.

1566:
Transylvania falls under Turkish rule. The Ottoman Sultan decrees that all Transylvanian princes must be approved by him after appointment by the diet.
1568:
The territory of Hungary is divided into three portions. Transylvania gains autonomy under Turkish suzerainty.
Early 1800s:
The Ottomans and Russia suppress insurrections in Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania.
1854-56:
Crimean War. Czar Nicholas I insists on protecting Christian shrines in Jerusalem and the Ottoman Empire. Russia occupies the Balkans but is driven out by an alliance led by the Ottoman Empire. Wallachia and Moldavia become independent principalities.
1859:
Wallachia and Moldavia unite under a single prince, forming a de facto state called Romania.
1878:
Romania receives international recognition as a sovereign nation under the Treaty of Berlin.
1895:
Vlad Tepes of Clan Tzimisce attempts to rejoin the Camarilla and purchase several estates in London.
1896:
Blood hunt declared against Vlad Tepes, who flees back to Transylvania.
1897:
Bram Stoker publishes Dracula, romanticizing Transylvanian vampires for Western readers.
1914:
The Great War begins with Archduke Ferdinand's assassination in Sarajevo.
1918:
The Great War ends. Romanian's territory doubles with the addition of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia. Although this satisfies several nationalist movements, newly incorporated minorities become dissatisfied with the government in the decades that follow.
1918-30:
The boundaries of Hungary are radically redefined. Romania amongst others gain further territory. Elder Tzimisce retreat to secluded havens, leaving devastated eastern Europe to the Sabbat, made up of mostly younger Tzimisce and a few other antitribu clans.
1930:
In the wake of a worldwide economic depression, a fascist movement similar to the ones in Germany and Italy surfaces.
1939:
World War II begins with Germany's invasion of Poland.
1941:
Romania allies with Nazi Germany. Half a million Germany soldiers occupy the country. Germany attempts to invade the Soviet Union and retake Bessarabia. The results are disastrous; over 350,00 Romanian soldiers die. Ventrue and Tremere allies use the German occupying forces in an attempt to oust the Tzimisce from their native soil. Strange incidents plague the would-be conquerers, as the land itself seems to fight the invading Kindred.
1944:
Soviet troops overrun Romania. King Michael of Romania declares an alliance with the Soviet Union against Germany.
1945:
The Soviet occupation force establishes a pro-Society provisional government in Hungary and is aided by local Communists in doing so. Transylvania is returned to Hungaary, while Bessarabia remains in Soviet hands.
1945-49:
The Sabbat Tzimisce reassert their dominance over easter Europe, driving out the remnants of German and Austrian Camarilla Kindred from Romania and other areas. Some Tremere remain, though, by retreating into seclusion.
1947:
King Michael of Romania forced to abdicate.
1948:
During the national elections in March, the Russian Communists dominate. The country adopts a Soviet-style constitution and is proclaimed the Romanian People's Republic. Brujah antitribu seize several key archbishops in Romania.
1957:
During the Third Sabbat Civil-War, which spreads from the Americas to Europe, the Brujah antritribu in Romania clash in bloody battles with the local Tzimisce.
1960s:
Gheorge Georghius-Dej and his eventual successor, Nicolae Ceaucescu, implement foreign politics independent of the Soviet Union. The Communist Party of Romania forces the growth of heavy industry, transforming ROania from an agrarian to an urban society.
1970s:
Ceaucescu attempts to modernize the Romanian economy by investing huge loans from Western credit institutions. Many of his projects fail, forcing a rigorous "austerity program" to pay off the nation's debt. The standard of living plunges. A secret police terrorizes the populace. Ceaucescu's family squanders the nation's wealth on public monuments and urbanization schemes. The Council of National Salvation Front takes over, calling for a transition to a free-marker economy. Romanian Kindred, regardless of clan or sect, unite to expel Russian Kindred from their midst. Those who do not leave are destroyed or go into hiding.
1991:
The National Salvation Front becomes the Democratic National Salvation Front. Romania drafts a new constitution.
1994:
Hungarians vote the Socialist Party back into power. Kindred refugees from Romania find havens in Hungary.
1996:
Kindred from western Europe take advantage of reestablished relations with eastern Europe and resume trabel to former Iron Curtain countries.